Posts Tagged ‘The endocardium’

Cardiac Anatomy

Sunday, November 16th, 2008

Anatomically, the heart was nearly the size of a fist for a weight ranging from 250 to 350g. It lies within the mediastinum, extending from the 2nd to 5th coast intercostal space between the spine and sternum, surrounded by the lungs, its apex resting on the diaphragm.

I-The pericardium:

The outer core is called the pericardium, made of dense and strong, protecting the heart, then two layers, one parietal and other visceral, defining a virtual cavity, where the cells produce pericardial fluid in serous for lubrication.

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