Ovarian endocrine function is devolved to the follicle cells surrounding the oocyte during its development and from which will form the corpus luteum.
As the gamete formation, the endocrine function of the ovary is cyclical secretion of ovarian hormones occurs at a pace that is superimposed on the reproductive cycle.
Ovarian castration has different effects depending on the age at which it is used:
- before puberty, it causes the persistence of infant genital tract, absence of puberty, obesity;
- After puberty, it causes regression of the genital tract, mitigation of secondary sexual characteristics, the suppression of reproductive function cycle arrest genital obesity.
- The administration of ovarian hormones corrects the effects of castration. At excessive doses, they cause the child early development of the genital tract and its annexes.
The ovary secretes four groups of hormones estrogen, progesterone, a small amount of androgens and the group of inhibin and cybernines. Unlike other hormones, inhibin and cybernines are not steroid. (more…)