It is a bacterial inflammation or not with lesion of the kidney glomeruli.
Acute glomerulonephritis (GNA)
This inflammation often occurs as a result of an inappropriate immune response. It occurs approximately 1 to 4 weeks after a streptococcal infection often (tonsillitis, otitis, sinusitis). They are called post-infectious GNA.
The GN are often found in children 5 to 12 years.
It can sometimes be linked to an autoimmune disease that will gradually worsen renal function and lead to kidney failure (with need for dialysis).
In response to the body to infection, are formed antibodies directed against the germs in question. The immune response causes the formation of immune complexes “which are arrested in the glomerular filter of the kidney and cause inflammation.
- The beta-hemolytic streptococcus group A is most commonly involved.
- Other bacteria: pneumococci, meningococci, staphylococci …, hepatitis viruses