Archive for the ‘Mobility’ Category

Arthritis:effects and treatment

Monday, September 13th, 2010

Under the name of arthritis, which literally means ‘joint pain’, are over a hundred different conditions. All these forms have in common the characteristic of causing inflammation in the joints, often accompanied by swelling, redness, increased temperature and pain resulting in a stiffening and loss of function.

Arthritis are part of the broader category of rheumatic diseases, although the two terms are often used interchangeably. Some rheumatic diseases can also affect internal organs and tissues of the body.These diseases are in first place in both the U.S. and Europe as a cause of disability in the population, especially in older women.

Until recently, arthritis was confused and also associated with arthritis, but that is a very different disease that affects the chondrocytes, the cells constituting the cartilage and that, despite having an inflammatory component is not an inflammatory disease. (more…)

Activity and Mobility

Sunday, November 15th, 2009

DESCRIPTION:
Modification of the bedridden patient’s posture is practiced regularly and periodically.
OBJECTIVE:
• Prevent pressure ulcers.
• Improve the circulation of the contact areas.
• Provide comfort to the patient.
HUMAN RESOURCES:
• Personal drive
RESOURCE MATERIALS:
• Pillows
• Sheets
• Railing
• Handle.
TECHNICAL IMPLEMENTATION:
• Inform the patient about the technique to perform.
• Protect your privacy.
• Stop the wheels of the bed.
• Place the bed in a horizontal position.
• Will place on both sides of the bed.
• (Depending on the patient’s weight, need 1 or 2 people on each side and one that is responsible for holding the patient’s head).
• Once have determined the new position (supine, lateral decubitus RHS. And Left are the most used):
Acting in unison, pulling the sheet up to place the patient in the desired position, avoiding jerks and sudden movements. (more…)

Risks of the Elderly

Saturday, November 14th, 2009

Indicator of the health of the elderly and their quality of life.
Unit: the need for attention and care needed by those who can not do for themselves the activities of daily living.
Major causes of dependency.
• Chronic illness or disabling.
• cardiovascular diseases (stroke, CHF)
• Pathologies in the musculoskeletal (arthritis, osteoporosis)
• Neurological disorders (Alzheimer, dementia)
• Pathologies that affect the sense organs (cataracts, deafness)

Geriatric syndrome.
• Fall
• Urinary incontinence
• Immobility
• Infectious process
• Delirium
• Oral diseases
• Food and nutrition
• Dementias
• Depresion.Síndrome restraints. (more…)

Factors involved in the immobility of the elderly

Friday, November 13th, 2009

Ulcers ignoring other factors are influenced in the elderly.
Muscle weakness, weight loss and osteoporosis. Graduated exercises and early ambulation are effective even in patients older and more fragile. A level of skeletal muscle causes a reduction in the amount of cellular ATP and glycogen, the rate of protein degradation increases both strength and speed of shortening of myofibrils decreases. Hypercalcemia is frequently encountered in these patients, which was reversed with exercise.

Muscle shortening and retraction. These can be avoided by the early installation of exercises to maintain or improve joint mobility ranges. Change the immobile patient from his bed to a chair is not enough, for it can produce shortening of the hamstrings at 90 degrees or more of knees exercises you need to add legs and general exercises in bed progressively. (more…)

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