The gland thyroid is located in the lower neck and regulates the metabolism of our body. As you know, the conditions associated with its malfunction are many, but the best known are hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism, which causes obesity, emaciation, abnormal growth in children, goiter, or fatigue, among many others.
The treatment for thyroid problems depends on the condition. The good news is that many of them can be treated without surgery. Here we talk about medical and surgical treatments for common disorders associated with the malfunctioning of this gland.
If you suffer from hyperthyroidism (the thyroid is too much activity) can be treated with drugs that slow the production of thyroid hormones. Common treatments include radioactive iodine and antithyroid drugs, although both treatments can cause low thyroid activity.
Instead, hypothyroidism (one underactive thyroid) hormones refilling is not produced in sufficient quantity. This is the same medications used to treat cancer or other conditions thyroid thyroid.
However, sometimes the drugs are not enough and you need to perform an operation to remove the thyroid gland or a part of it. This occurs when there is a large goiter or nodule that is pressing on the trachea or causing other symptoms, if you cannot tolerate thyroid medication, if you cannot or do not want to receive therapy with iodine radioactive, if cancerous thyroid nodules; if you cannot rule out cancer, or if the nodule continues to grow despite medical therapy.
If you eventually have to opt for surgery, physicians should choose different types: the biopsy or lumpectomy, lobectomy, thyroidectomy subtotal, near total thyroidectomy or total thyroidectomy.