Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease that produces cartilage. This erosion, TIMP, causes functional disability, and alters the opposite bone articular cartilage of the joint itself which, in turn, begins to undergo the same process. Thus, there comes a time when the cartilage may disappear, emerging severe pain.
As the cartilage disappears, the bone reacts and grows on the sides, creating the resulting deformation of the joint. Thus when there are so misalignment of the joint, the stresses are not distributed evenly and there are areas or points of the femoral head bearing excessive load. That’s when born osteoarthritis.
In addition to defects in the joint, excess weight, changes of articular cartilage, infection, metabolic or endocrine processes are other causes that induce osteoarthritis of the hip, which is common among 40 to 50 years. This disease affects equally both men and women increases with the passage of time tending to decline.
In addition to the causes listed above, also has osteoarthritis metabolic factors, although not a direct cause of its existence, but predisposed to suffer. These are the following: gout, ochronosis, diabetes, hemophilia and diseases of the intestinal tract. Even join disorders of renal or kidney transplants, constitutional and hereditary factors and prolonged use of corticosteroids.
The most common presenting symptoms of osteoarthritis of the hip are pain, stiffness and disability, in other words, the functional limitation. The pain occurs at early stages, and initially affects only the movements but then also appear at rest.
The pain of osteoarthritis of the hip may occur in the buttocks in the outer thigh, groin and even the knee. These pains are not local explanations are often secondary to a hip condition.
Subsequently, lameness appears with a very typical way of walking, the trunk is balanced on the affected side when the affected leg supports. In many cases there is no correlation between radiologic images and discomfort.
There are two cases in which the operation is inevitable. The first one, when there is the almost total loss of mobility for ordinary activities such as bending to pick up an object lying on the floor, sitting or rising from a chair. The second seems logical. When the pain is so constant and unbearable that the patient does not want to live with this hip osteoarthritis.
To prevent osteoarthritis of the hip is our greatest ally we should take some precautions that will help us avoid it. Unhealthy eating is one of the important factors in this process. Both the bone, and cartilage and other joint elements are in constant process of nutrition and regeneration.
In this sense, a poor diet with few fruits and vegetables and full of bakery products and bread, is one of the triggers of osteoarthritis of the hip. That’s why we will have to limit the consumption of meat diet, fried or sausage. Instead, we add to our daily lives a healthy and varied food, nuts and whole grains.