Excessive water consumption can be a symptom of mental imbalance as it has in common with other disorders of impulse control. Identified as Potomania or psychogenic polydipsia and it is a relatively unknown disorder is a common desire to drink plenty of fluids, compulsively and do not feel particularly thirsty, which is attached to be satisfied with a pleasant feeling.
There have been episodes potomania in people trying to lose weight through excessive consumption of water in this way is to “fool the stomach” to fill with water instead of food. There have also been cases where high-performance athletes, who consume many more gallons of water in your body needs to prevent dehydration. In these situations should be alert to rule out a disorder due to lack of control when drinking water.
So it may be common to find cases in people potomania liquid diets, and high performance athletes. In bodybuilding there is a particular risk because food and fluids in esticto are subject to control.
The act of drinking excessive quantities of water or other liquids do not usually cause overhydration, provided that the pituitary gland, kidney and heart function normally, as the body eliminates the excess. However, due to episodes potomania repeated and maintained, can alter the functioning of the kidneys, the composition of blood and fluid and electrolyte balance within the body.
The excess fluid can cause blood components are diluted and an imbalance in the concentration of electrolytes. One consequence of this effect is hyponatremia, which the body a very low concentration of sodium in the blood. Severe hyponatremia prevents the normal functioning of the brain, muscles, organs and metabolism. The result can cause nausea, headache, lethargy, convulsions and coma.
When a person is aware that drinking too much water, about seven or more gallons per day, see a specialist in endocrinology in order to rule out hormonal disorders or other problems affecting the area of the hypothalamus, where the heart is that regulates thirst.
More than half of body weight a person is water. To get to balance the amount of water needed by the body, a healthy person needs about two gallons of water a day, which comes from three sources: first, the liquid you eat (about 1200 ml), also of food consumed (about 1000 ml), and finally, we must take into account the liquid itself that occurs within the body as a result of metabolism (about 350 ml).
Fruits and vegetables contain more water under normal conditions of health, the amount of water needed by the body is conditioned by the need to have the body fluid volume and osmotic concentration needed to secure biological functions.
The water concentration in the body is linked to the quantity of electrolytes. Thus, the level of sodium in the blood is a good indicator of the water that exists in the body. The body tries to maintain the total water level and, therefore, a constant concentration of electrolytes, including sodium. When it is high, the body retains water to dilute the excess sodium, increasing the sensation of thirst and producing less urine. By contrast, when the sodium concentration drops too low, the kidneys excrete more water to restore the balance.
Treatment depends on the underlying cause, but in general you should restrict fluid intake to one liter and a half daily. Sometimes doctors prescribe a diuretic to increase water excretion by the kidneys, increasing the intake of sodium in a little liquid.