The psoriasis is a disease that affects skin, With chronic and recurrent, whose cause is unknown. People with the disease, mostly going through periods in which symptoms tend to fade and at other times become more upset and visibly obvious.
Because symptoms can be found:
- red stains on skin and covered silvery scales
- Skin is very dry and often crack and bleed
- Usually the person suffers from itching, burning or pain
- Swelling and stiffness
The psoriasis is not taken by everyone equally, While for some it is just a nuisance, for others it is a factor that disabled, Especially when it is associated with arthritis.
Among the characteristics of psoriasis find of elevated lesions Of red hue you usually peel, and is also well defined and of different sizes.
This is a disease that can begin at any age and currently affects between 1 and 2% of the population, with the important predisposing factor in the history of the disease in the family, and that 30 % of people suffering psoriasis have a family that suffers. Various factors can trigger it, including most notably trauma, infection, sudden weather changes, medications and emotional stress.
The way in which it appears is gradual and symmetrical, being the most affected areas of the scalp, elbows, knees. Such injuries can cause intense itching, this situation leads to scratch the area and produce small bleeding wounds.
When found in children can have an abrupt onset with numerous injuries and usually after an infection is usually a sore throat.
The diagnosis is always made by the specialist, taking into account the type of injury and where it is located, more accurate then the other studies confirmed. This disease has a course of development that is unpredictable, but it is chronic and has provided referrals and crisis, which brings a strong impact on quality of life of sufferers.
There are different types of treatment can be local or systemic, depending on each particular case. When there is a mild local treatment is performed with creams to prevent dryness excessive skin. You can also use Corticosteroids and analogues vitamin D.
By the time the disease is more extensive opt for the systemic treatment including the so-called immunosuppressants.
Another alternative is the use of phototherapy that takes advantage of the beneficial effects of UV rays on psoriasis, Achieving optimal results with remissions lasting over time.