Archive for February, 2010

The index Silverman

Friday, February 26th, 2010

Silverman index is a score to assess, in the premature infant, the severity of respiratory distress syndrome.
It is most often due to a lack of surfactant (liquid lining the inner surface of alveoli.)
Silverman index depends on several parameters:

  • Balancing thoraco-abdominal inspiration: mobilization of the thorax and abdomen.
  • Indrawing depression abnormal chest wall, visible up to the intercostal spaces (circulation under sternum) during heavy breaths.
  • This draw may also be visible above the sternum (sternal random addition). This phenomenon occurs when the entry of air into the lungs is obstructed by a mechanical obstacle.
  • Funnel xiphoid.
  • Flapping wings of the nose.
  • Grunting.

(more…)

Cystic fibrosis

Friday, February 26th, 2010

This is one of the most common genetic diseases.

Genetic Aspect
Cystic fibrosis gene located on chromosome 7, encodes the first membrane protein called CFTR conditioning the quality of ion exchange between the glands and the lumen of the bronchus, but also upper respiratory tract, pancreas, digestive tract, the bile ducts.

Respiratory Events
Especially during the first year of life.
Then shift to attacks (super infection) characterized. Worsening respiratory symptoms with impaired general condition.
The bacterial colonization of the trachea bronchial tree is most often initially with Staphylococcus aureus or Haemophilus influenzae.
Then move to the pyocyaneus (very virulent, almost inaccessible to ATB and defense mechanisms).

Extra Respiratory Events

  • Pancreatic disease (90% of cases)
  • Intestinal
  • Hepatobiliary
  • Nutritional disorders:
    • maldigestion of fat
    • increased energy needs related respiratory disability.
  • Genital Event:
  • delayed puberty
  • infertile men (95% of cases)
  • decreased fertility in women (but may have children with a risk of having a child with ¼: genetic counseling mandatory).

(more…)

Medical coding is an excellent career with a great future

Thursday, February 25th, 2010

Careers in medical fields require great responsibility and dexterity. Medical affairs specialist is an inevitable part of the whole medical fields. Over time, a career in the medical profession is becoming more challenging, adventurer and competitive. They may belong to one of the areas of medical science.

There may be a physician, medical officer, pharmaceutical manager, and administrator of a hospital, a nurse, medical transcriptor, medical biller, medical coder and much more. Many new medical careers related to manufacturing companies are in the areas of administration and management of medicine. Among all the different careers, one of the most intriguing and interesting is Medical coding.
(more…)

Night Terror

Saturday, February 20th, 2010

Alternative Names
Awe nocturnus; Sleep terror disorder

Definition of Night terror
Night terrors are a sleep disorder in which a person quickly awakens from sleep in a terrified state.

night terrors

Causes, incidence, and risk factors:
Night terrors (sleep terrors) occur during deep sleep, usually during the first third of the night. The cause is unknown but night terrors may be triggered by fever, lack of sleep, or periods of emotional tension,stress , or conflict. (more…)

Nail care for newborns

Saturday, February 20th, 2010

Newborn fingernails and toenails are usually soft and flexible, but can cause injuries to the infant. Newborn infants do not yet have control of their arm, hand, finger, leg, or foot movements, and may inadvertently claw at their face.

Nail care for newborns

Nails that are ragged or extend beyond the tip of the finger can cause scratches to the face and eyes. (more…)

Bacterial Vaginosis

Friday, February 19th, 2010

Bacterial vaginosis is a disease or a common infection that affect women. It is not a sexually transmitted disease and is known to occur when there is an abundance of bacteria. It can occur due to smoking, douching and some other lifestyle factors. Everyone has bacteria, but there are good bacteria and bad bacteria, when there is an overgrowth of bad bacteria it can lead to this infection. It is characterized by a fishy smell and by a discharge that occurs. (more…)

Eating Disorders

Thursday, February 18th, 2010

Distinguish four different eating disorders:

Anorexia nervous
In anorexia nervous there is fear of becoming fat while actually there is underweight.

eating disorders

Bulimia nervous
If the client has bulimia nervous, she has several binges per week. In order to prevent weight gain ‘offsets’ the client’s binge. This can cut down by vomiting but also in the diet, much exercise or purging. (more…)

Stomach Cancer

Wednesday, February 17th, 2010

What is cancer of the stomach?
The stomach cancer is an abnormal proliferation of cells in the stomach. It most often affects men, is rare before 50 years, and risk increases with age.
The chances of survival are greater if the cancer is diagnosed early, if spread to lymph is absent or limited, or if it is a superficial damage.

Stomach Cancer

What are its causes?
Additional factors are known, but not always found: a personal history of stomach disease chronic inflammation of the stomach with atrophy, including infection with the bacterium Helicobacter pylori, gastric ulcer, gastric polyps, surgery, high intake of salt, smoked foods. (more…)

Nursing School Degree

Tuesday, February 16th, 2010

A career in nursing allows you to grow personally and professionally. The profession of nurse will take you to work with individuals, families, groups and communities in a wide range of environments. The Nursing School made its curriculum from socio-economic-political-cultural country, the health situation of the population, the purposes of the university and the fundamental concepts that guide the profession.
It falls into the general guidelines of the University which aims to train
professionals in the cycles articulated undergraduate, graduate and
post-graduate.
The School of Nursing seeks to:

  • Provide students the opportunity to train in professional nursing the college network, increasing their personal
    development.
  • Lay the foundation for ideal performance in the different
    circumstances of occupation.

(more…)

Nurse Practitioners

Friday, February 12th, 2010

A nurse practitioner (nurse or nurse practitioner) is authorized to offer a wide range of health care services, including:

  • Take the patient’s medical history, perform a physical examination and order laboratory tests and procedures
  • Diagnose, treat and manage diseases
  • Providing prescriptions and coordinating referrals
  • Promoting healthy activities with the patient
  • Performing certain procedures such as bone marrow biopsy or lumbar puncture

Nurse practitioners work in diverse settings, including:

  • Cardiology
  • Emergencies
  • Family nursing
  • Geriatrics
  • Neonatology
  • Nephrology
  • Oncology
  • Pediatrics
  • Primary
  • School Programs
  • Women’s health

(more…)

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