Malignant tumor formed by the uncontrolled proliferation of abnormal cells that invade surrounding structures and tends to produce secondary tumors at bay. A tumor located in the stomach may result from an ulcer in Helicobacter pylori.
- Affects both sexes equally.
- The frequency decreases with the evolution of food preservation but remains high (9,000 new cases per year).
- Geographical disparity.
- Gastric lesions:
- ATCD familial gastric cancer.
- Malnutrition (too fatty, too salty, spicy + +).
- Usual food preservation (smoking, curing).
- Alcohol and tobacco use, frequent use of barbecue.
- Habits “of hypercuisson” food (appearance “grilled” barbecue), beyond the Maillard reactions of creating chemical compounds do not exist in nature.
Screening and early treatment of any gastric lesions particularly if ATCD.
Adopt a balanced diet rich in fruits and vegetables.
The diet may also contain protective factors related to the antioxidant action of certain nutrients (Vit C, carrots, …).
Decreased consumption of salted and smoked foods.
Decrease see the consumption of alcohol and tobacco.
The reference treatment remains gastrectomy, heavy gesture to high morbidity and mortality.