Fibromyalgia is a chronic, painful, non-inflammatory, musculoskeletal, that is to say, muscles, tendons and ligaments. The features are severe pain, particularly in the muscles and tendons with pain on palpation of certain items ( “tender points”).
It is an autoimmune disease. The onset is insidious and progression is slow. The pain is such that they degrade and decreased quality of life for many people.
Who touches she?
The disease particularly affects women aged thirty to forty years. However, adolescents and postmenopausal women may also be affected.The exact causes are not yet known.To some experts, the prevalence of fibromyalgia reach 20% of the population.
What is its origin?
The cause of this disorder is currently unknown. Some factors may however play a role. There he often develops after a trauma that seems to act as a trigger in susceptible individuals.
This may be a disease (virus, for example), physical stress (such as a car accident, childbirth or surgery invasive) Acute emotional stress related to serious illness, loss of a loved one or a psychological shock violent.
The nervous system is probably involved in the genesis or maintenance of a condition fibromyalgia. For several years, there is increasing scientific evidence suggesting the existence of disrupting modulation of pain.
The more frequent occurrence in some families suggesting a genetic predisposition.
What are the symptoms?
- Diffuse intense pain, throbbing and persistent, particularly in the muscles and tendons.
- Soft tissue pain and swelling, muscle aches common.
- Extreme fatigue: non-restorative sleep provides insufficient rest, which leads to chronic fatigue.
- Severe headaches.
- Tinnitus, hearing loss, rub, dizziness, balance problems, sensitivity to noise and stitches.
- Blocking or jaw stiffness and some discomfort in swallowing.
- Pain in shoulders, chest, arms and upper back.
- Palpitations, shortness of breath.
- Cold hands and feet, with redness, warmth and tingling, numbness and tingling.
- Sensitivity of the abdominal wall, causing diarrhea, constipation, nausea and vomiting and frequent cystitis.
- Hyperesthesia including the skin folds – just a few places are still available in touch – leg muscle contraction.
- Dry skin, visible changes of skin, hair loss, loss of nails (brittle and pelants).
- Depression, anxiety, several studies confirm this, more than half of patients have major depression.
- Cognitive disorders: it is all about memory problems and concentration.
What are the treatments?
There is currently no known cure for fibromyalgia. No treatment has shown a real overall effectiveness, but include:
In first position, analgesics (pain medications cons);
Then antidepressants, which are not used as antidepressant treatment but for their analgesic (painkiller) on the central nervous system.