Archive for November, 2009

Laser Skin Resurfacing

Monday, November 30th, 2009

In this technique using a pulsed CO2 laser similar to that being used by more than 20 years in various fields of surgery, adapted and modified for the treatment of skin and defined, for the delicacy of its use, silk touch laser ( Laser touch of silk) (1999). The light emitted by this equipment “steam” the skin allowing for a selective treatment that leaves perfectly free of all surrounding tissues.
Laser Skin Resurfacing

The beam causes evaporation of water inside the cells, creating an accelerated desquamation of tissue treatment and a natural regeneration of skin. This instrument is equipped with computer control and optical scanner (technology devices such that the peeling skin is made with precision and safety).
The U.S. doctors consider the laser as the main weapon anti aging of tomorrow. (more…)

Ginger – what the root of all kinds can be Sharp

Sunday, November 29th, 2009

For thousands of years in Asia, ginger is regarded as a medicinal plant – because of its essential oils and pungent. Hardly any other plant is so firmly rooted in both traditional medicine and in the Far Eastern cuisine such as this unassuming tuber. Ginger calms the stomach and relaxes, prevents nausea and vomiting – for example when traveling – and brings the sluggish digestion going. At the same time, the whole organism is internally heated.

ginger

Fresh ginger can be eaten because of its strong flavor in small portions. Candied fruit drying and makes it softer. Thus he becomes a healthy snack that can be enjoyed even in larger quantities.
Instant tea drinkers appreciate the warming effect of ginger. During the cold winter days, he is a good inimitable Einheizen before going outside. Simply a piece of ginger cut into thin slices to make with boiling water and take five minutes. (more…)

Unwanted hair – half intense pulsed light photo-epilation

Saturday, November 28th, 2009

For the treatment of unwanted hair from face and body, men and women can use successfully to photo-epilation via pulsed light at high intensity (IPL – Intense Pulsed Light). The treatment can achieve a reduction in shareholders bulbar 80%. The unique flexibility of the equipment allows to set parameters on the characteristics of skin and hair, making it possible to customize the treatment according to specific needs.

photoepilation
The photo-epilation session requires a few minutes and a cycle of at least 4 sessions monthly. (more…)

Germs on the Computer Keyboard

Friday, November 27th, 2009

Previously it was thought that the toilet seats of public toilets is the most germs, but according to recent studies, this has been disproved. An average PC keyboard hosts up to 400 times more bacteria than a toilet seat. The British consumer magazine “Which?” studied computer input devices, and toilet seats.

computertastatur

Keyboards were four pieces of 30 more contaminated with bacteria than a toilet seat also investigated and found a potential serious public health threated. The bacterial contamination is an increased risk for food poisoning, upset stomach or diarrhea.
As the largest source of pollution and bacteria settlement applies to an analysis of the Green Cross, the food at your desk, on the keyboard. Remaining leftovers in the keyboard to support the growth of germs. (more…)

Phlebitis

Thursday, November 26th, 2009

A deep venous thrombosis or phlebitis is an accident that could have a serious complication: pulmonary embolism. These 2 diseases together are called venous thromboembolic disease.

What is DVT?
This obstruction of a deep vein by a blood clot or thrombus.

Phlebitis

His training is not a coincidence but a consequence of the 3 following phenomena:

  • Alteration of the vein wall,
  • Stagnation of blood in the vessels (or venous stasis),
  • Abnormal coagulation system of the body.

(more…)

Tips for Sleeping Children

Thursday, November 26th, 2009

The problems of sleep in children are very different. Some children fall asleep easily and have a deep sleep. There are some that should never sleep and have a light sleeper, and others who wake up every night and regularly require the presence of a parent to go back to sleep, or occur only occasionally these difficulties.
With children should never sleep in the parents have difficulties in sending them to bed and get them to stay.

Slepping Children

After a day of working parents would sit a little ‘quiet and convince their children to go to bed creates a difficult situation and stressful.
Surely you can not force a child to sleep but you can get me to stay quietly in his bed after a certain time. If the environment is calm the child will fall asleep alone when sleep will come.
Why do some children refuse to go to sleep?
Going to bed means separation from parents, games and television are used to look at it and if you remain alone in the dark for eight to ten hours.
Children to address the separation must have confidence in themselves and in their parents. It ‘necessary to give him some attention and a sign of affection before falling asleep, like the kiss good night, reading a story. But at the same time, parents must show a united front and decided. (more…)

Epilepsy

Wednesday, November 25th, 2009

Epilepsy is a common disease. Its overall prevalence is estimated to be 0.5% of the population, with a maximum risk during childhood, since 50% of epilepsies in fact occur before the age of 10. The etiology of epilepsy remains unexplained in more than 50% of cases.
I – DEFINITION
Epilepsy is a neurological disorder manifested by paroxysms related activity hypersynchronous and abnormal neuronal population. Note:

  • There is not no without clinical epilepsy: paroxysmal abnormalities in the EEG without clinical not enough to define epilepsy.
  • The paroxysmal nature and its clinical translation are necessarily rough.
  • It is stereotypical for each patient depending on the neuronal localization
  • The clinical and EEG allow the formulation of a hypothesis when the neuronal localization
  • The chronological sequence of symptoms may change during disease

II – THE CLASSIFICATION OF EPILEPSY.
The difference between partial and generalized epilepsy is the concept of neuronal discharge localized or generalized. There are also secondary epilepsy due to a lesion or dysfunction in general.
III – generalized seizures.
A – tonic-clonic generalized
This crisis is manifested by a sudden loss of consciousness without prodrome, with a fall. In its complete form it has a tonic phase of 10 to 20 seconds, during which there is a contraction of all muscles, with a phase flexion and extension of four limbs and trunk, contraction of the masseter. Clonic phase follows an approximately 30 seconds, characterized by sudden twitching of members in bending with clone facial and jaw.
Apnea associated with the phase of tonic contraction causes cyanosis accompanied by autonomic signs (mydriasis, piloerection, hypertension, tachycardia) and secretory phenomena (salivation and tracheo-bronchial congestion). It was also during this phase of tonic-clonic crisis that may occur biting language conventionally side. (more…)

Semiology of Neurology

Wednesday, November 25th, 2009

I – The neurological examination
Motor Examination
Evaluation of muscle strength

  • Find a motor deficit: failure to maintain the Member ‘in air’
  • Barre maneuver: the patient in the prone position, knees bent, and must keep the legs vertical to the upper limbs: horizontal arms, elbows outstretched wrists dorsiflexed maximum, we talk about deficits when the hand is widening.

Assessment of muscle tone
Search for hypo or hypertonia: passive movement of limbs and neck with someone relaxed
Assessment of voluntary movements
Tests of finger-nose, heel-knee puppets exceeded the goal, incoordination (cerebellar syndrome), slowed movement or stiff (piriformis syndrome)
Reflexes (ROT)
Search areflexia or exaggerated muscle contraction: relaxed person, members released the doctor struck with the reflex hammer and the tendon in question observed muscle contraction
Cutaneous plantar reflex (Babinski sign)
When scraping the plant externally using a blunt, there is flexion of the toes, if there is a slow and stately extension of the big toe, speaking of the pyramidal motor path (more…)

The spinal cord

Wednesday, November 25th, 2009

The spinal cord is an extension of the medulla oblongata. It has two main functions:

  • Route the afferent and efferent between the CNS and the rest of the body
  • Treatment of partial information by spinal reflexes.

Embryonic Development:
It develops from the caudal portion of embryonic neural tube. Distinguish a few weeks, two separate parts in the gray matter: the basal plate and alar plate, separated by a furrow, eventually becoming the central canal. As it grows, the blades extend and produce the gray mass of adult marrow. The white outer marrow is formed from neural axons.
Anatomophysiological:
The bone extends from the foramen magnum to the first or second lumbar vertebra. Hence, a filament fiber, fossil embryogenesis, from the meninges, extends to the coccyx, the terminal filum.
31 pairs of spinal nerves exit the spinal cord and innervate the body. She has two bulges, one from which the cervical nerves of upper limbs, forming the brachial plexus, the other from which the lumbar nerves of the lower limbs forming the lumbosacral plexus.
It has a slightly flattened and has two grooves, the median anterior and posterior midline.
Composition of the spinal cord:
Like the brain, spinal consists essentially of “white” and substance “gray”:
The white matter contains the myelinated neurons extensions: It completely surrounds the gray matter which way, is framed into three parts, called posterior, lateral and anterior. These cables, made up of groups of neurons called a type beams carry impulses to a specific destination (beams spinal ascending and descending)
The gray matter contains the bodies of neurons and the neuroglia: It has roughly the shape of an H, the side deck is appointing gray commissure, dug a thin channel called the central canal, extension of the 4th ventricle. The ‘pipes’ of H divide into pairs of posterior and anterior horns. Note that exists in some regions, particularly the chest, lateral horns. (more…)

Structure of the Nervous System

Tuesday, November 24th, 2009

The nervous system is the integration center and data processing. It is the seat of emotions, thought, conscience. But it also has the task of maintenance of homeostasis. It performs three functions: the receipt and transmission of sensory information, but also integration and response to stimuli.

I – Organization of the nervous system:
It is divided into two main parts: The central nervous system (CNS), comprising the brain and spinal cord and peripheral nervous system (PNS), comprising parts nervous outside the CNS.

  • The CNS is the central regulator and integrator of sensory information, from which it develops appropriate motor responses.
  • The SNP consists mainly of the nerves, whose main function is to enable the transmission of information and the return of the response prepared by the CNS. Functionally, there are two types of channels: the sensory (or afferent), composed of nerve fibers carrying nerve impulses, and motor or efferent pathways, carrying the response of the CNS. The motor pathways are also divided into the somatic nervous system, also called the voluntary nervous system, because it allows the use of skeletal muscles consciously, and autonomic nervous system, which regulates unconscious (hence independent) activity smooth muscle (heart, digestive system ….). This system also faces two subdivisions, the sympathetic nervous system and parasympathetic, each opposing the other.

II – Histology:
The nervous tissue is very rich in cells, and contains little extracellular space. It is composed of two types of cells, neurons and glial cells. (more…)

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