Archive for November, 2008


Friday, November 21st, 2008


All chest pain event related to a “narrowing of the size” of one or more coronary arteries. The coronary arteries are the arteries that supply blood to the heart muscle.

Clinical Data

Clinical examination was unremarkable.
The resting ECG was completely normal except for a painful crisis.
Any interrogation can find angina:
with chest pain to left arm
to pain on exertion and rest
pain in 3 to 4 minutes,
took to heart in a vise.


Suffering infarction: ischemia is associated with a mismatch between needs and the oxygen supply of heart muscle:
is the input can not increase in proportion to needs: angina of effort
is in constant need, contributions are reduced: spastic angina.
The decrease in arterial size is secondary to a “collection” by atherosclerotic plaques. (more…)

Cardiac Anatomy

Sunday, November 16th, 2008

Anatomically, the heart was nearly the size of a fist for a weight ranging from 250 to 350g. It lies within the mediastinum, extending from the 2nd to 5th coast intercostal space between the spine and sternum, surrounded by the lungs, its apex resting on the diaphragm.

I-The pericardium:

The outer core is called the pericardium, made of dense and strong, protecting the heart, then two layers, one parietal and other visceral, defining a virtual cavity, where the cells produce pericardial fluid in serous for lubrication.

> (more…)

The Charter of Rights for Older

Thursday, November 13th, 2008

Respect for the elderly

  • Even sick, disabled, vulnerable, dependent, or insane, the person retains its rights and FDI guard duties to her.
  • The charter was created in 1987 and amended in 1996.
  • The elderly in hospital or institution is able to refer to know and claim their rights.

Contents of charter
1. Lifestyle Choices:
Anyone dependent care freedom to choose their lifestyle.
2. Home & Environment:
The place of living of the dependent elderly, home or personal property, must be chosen by it and adapted to their needs.
3. A social life despite disability:
Anyone dependent must retain the freedom to communicate, move and participate in the life of society.
4. Presence and role of family:
The maintenance of family relationships and friendship networks is essential for the frail elderly.
5. Wealth and income:
Anyone dependent must maintain control of his assets and income available.
6. Enrichment activity:
Anyone dependent should be encouraged to maintain operations.
7. Freedom of conscience and religious practice:
Anyone dependent must participate in religious or philosophical choice. (more…)

Abuse of the elderly

Tuesday, November 4th, 2008

“Any act or omission, if it affects the life, physical integrity or mental or freedom … or seriously jeopardizes the development of his personality and / or damaging its financial security.” Council of Europe , November 1987.
Any action or lack of action that are an affront to Life and Human Rights.
The abuse is just as active and passive and reveals the concept of negligence.
Neglect is defined as a defect, error of care, implementation, lack of attention …

This exercise to someone, either actively or by omission of violence that undermine his person, his integrity corporelleet / or psychological, financial security or freedom.

(Hallo Abuse)

Since 1995 he has been creating ALMA is a network of detection and action on elder abuse.
It is an association of retired volunteers and professional sectors: social, medical, legal, whose role is to: prevent, understand and listen, advise and guide. (more…)

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